Giorgio Parisi is Nobel Prize in Physics
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the 2021 #NobelPrize in Physics to Syukuro Manabe, Klaus Hasselmann and Giorgio Parisi “for groundbreaking contributions to our understanding of complex physical systems.” pic.twitter.com/At6ZeLmwa5
— The Nobel Prize (@NobelPrize) October 5, 2021
Giorgio Parisi is Nobel Prize in Physics 2021 "for the discovery of the interplay of disorder and fluctuations in physical systems from atomic to planetary scales".
"Today's emotion is overwhelming. It is an immense pride for Sapienza, the scientific community and our country," says Rector Antonella Polimeni. "Giorgio Parisi is a giant, one of those on whose shoulders future generations will sit to scan the horizon of science and take a further step towards knowledge".
Giorgio Parisi, Professor of Theoretical Physics at the Sapienza University of Rome and former President of the Accademia dei Lincei, is the 6th Italian to receive the coveted award in physics, after Guglielmo Marconi (1908), Enrico Fermi (1938), Emilio Segre (1959), Carlo Rubbia (1984) and Riccardo Giacconi (2002). In 2021, the Italian physicist was awarded the Wolf Prize and was the first Italian academic to be included in the Clarivate Citation Laureates list for "ground-breaking discoveries in quantum-chromodynamics and the study of complex disordered systems."
Born in Rome in 1948, Parisi completed his studies at Sapienza University of Rome where he graduated in physics in 1970 under Nicola Cabibbo's guidance. He began his scientific career at INFN's Frascati National Laboratories, first as a member of CNR-National Research Council of Italy( 1971-1973) and then as a researcher at INFN (1973-1981). During this period, he spent long periods abroad, first at Columbia University in New York (1973-1974), then at the Institut des Hautes Etudes Scientifiques in Bures-sur-Yvettes (1976-1977), and at the Ecole Normale Superieure in Paris (1977-1978). In his scientific career, Giorgio Parisi has made many decisive and widely recognised contributions in different physics areas: particle physics, statistical mechanics, fluid dynamics, condensed matter, supercomputers. He has also written articles on neural networks, the immune system and group movement in animals. He has been the winner of two advanced grants from the Erc European Research Council, in 2010 and 2016, and is the author of over six hundred articles and contributions to scientific conferences and four books. His works are well known.
The Italian physicist has received numerous awards. In 1992 he was awarded the Boltzmann Medal (awarded every three years by the IUPAP International Union of Pure and Applied Physics for new achievements in thermodynamics and statistical mechanics) for his contributions to the theory of disordered systems, and the Max Planck Medal in 2011, by the German physics society Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft. He received the Feltrinelli Prize for Physics in 1987, Italgas in 1993, the Dirac Medal for Theoretical Physics in 1999, the Italian Prime Minister's Award in 2002, Enrico Fermi in 2003, Dannie Heineman in 2005, Nonino in 2005, Galileo in 2006, Microsoft in 2007, Lagrange in 2009, Vittorio De Sica in 2011, Prix des Trois Physiciens in 2012, the Nature Award Mentoring in Science in 2013, High Energy and Particle Physics from the Eps European Physical Society in 2015, Lars Onsager from the APS American Physical Society in 2016. In 2021 he received the prestigious Wolf Prize for Physics. He is a member of the Accademia dei Quaranta, the Académie des Sciences, the National Academy of Sciences of the United States, the European Academy and the American Philosophical Society.
Together with Giorgio Parisi, Syukuro Manabe and Klaus Hasselman were also awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics 2021 "for the physical modelling of Earth's climate, quantifying variability and reliably predicting global warming".
On October 5, a special ceremony was held live from the Aula Magna to celebrate Giorgio Parisi. Maestro and pianist Marco Scolastra opened the event performing the Inno degli Italiani and Chopin's Nocturne in C sharp minor. Giorgio Parisi, acclaimed by the people present at the event, was welcomed by the Rector, on behalf of the entire University community, and by the Minister for Universities and Research Cristina Messa. The Nobel Prize winner concluded the ceremony by remembering Nicola Cabibbo, his mentor, and thanking all the people who have collaborated with him during his scientific career. Afterwards, the celebrations moved to the Department of Physics, "chosen home" of Parisi's outstanding research.